The ancient city of Aurangabad is located in the northern part of the state of Maharashtra in the western region of India. It is 403 km away from Mumbai and is encircled by hills. Even though this city was an important seat in the Mughal Empire only for a short period of time the medieval monuments and the cultural heritage speaks volumes about the grandeur of Mughal architecture. There are many Buddhist, Jain, and Hindu temples also located in this region. Apart from these historical structures, the city is also famous for its close proximity with world heritage sites of Ajanta and Ellora and for its silk and cotton textiles. Aurangabad was earlier known as ‘Khirki’, due to its strategic position that provided a window view of the Deccan plateau.
The world heritage Ajanta caves are one of the few historical and architectural marvels of India. These caves were discovered by a group of British officers who were hunting tiger on the hills in the 19th century. These collection 31 caves that are located in the innermost regions of the Sahyadri hills. They describe the story of Lord Buddha and Buddhism religion that prevailed here during 200 BC to 650 AD.
The Ellora cave temples are regarded as the World heritage sites of India. These age-old 34 monasteries and temples that date back from 600 to 1000 AD are just 30 kilometres from most nearby cities in Aurangabad. The temples of Ellora are dedicated to Brahmanism, Jainism, and Buddhism. The stone carving in these temples and monarchies are depictions of legends of Lord Shiva.
En route Ellora caves there is a fort that makes for an exquisite experience. This fort built by King Bhillama of Yadav Dynasty located atop the pyramid-shaped hill is a major tourist attraction. According to the locals here, the Daulatabad fortress was earlier known as ‘Devgiri’. Later the name was changed to Daulatabad by Mohammed Bin Tughlaq, Sultan of Delhi.